A dentigerous cyst associated with a pulpectomised primary molar: case report

A pulpectomy is a routinely performed procedure in carious primary teeth. While adverse effects are not common, these can include a dentigerous cyst. A dentigerous cyst is an odontogenic cyst that surrounds the crown of an unerupted tooth, and is caused by a fluid accumulation between the reduced enamel epithelium (REE) and the enamel surface. Residual periapical inflammation from an endodontically treated primary tooth may lead to the development of an inflammatory dentigerous cyst in the unerupted permanent successor. This case report illustrates an infected dentigerous cyst in a seven-and-a-half-year-old female child related to the mandibular left second primary molar, which had been pulpectomised two years earlier. In general, the incidence of dentigerous cysts associated with pulpectomised primary teeth is extremely low. While there is no single factor that can be attributed to cystic transformation, it is prudent that teeth receiving pulp therapy should be observed periodically, and radiographs should be taken at regular intervals.
Keywords: Dentigerous cyst, pulpectomy, zinc oxide eugenol.

Journal of the Irish Dental Association 2020; 66 (2): 71-74.

Dr Adesh Kakade
BDS MDS1, Professor and Head,
Dept. of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

Dr Rajiv Desai
BDS MDS1, Professor and Head,
Dept. of Oral Pathology and Microbiology

Dr Rutika Lalwani
BDS MDS2
Private practitioner

Dr Sheetal Badnaware
BDS MDS3
Private Practitioner

Dr Sayali Mali
BDS MDS3, Dental Surgeon,
Dept. of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

Dr Anitha Santosh
BDS MDS1 , Assistant Professor,
Dept. of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry

1 Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, India
2 Maharashtra, India
3 Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, India

Corresponding author: Dr Adesh Kakade BDS MDS, Professor and Head, Dept. of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, India E: adeshkakade@rediffmail.com T: 0091 9821289144